Kharkiv during the russian aggression.
On the territory of the City of Kharkiv, there is a large number of real estate objects that were damaged or destroyed as a result of the armed aggression of the russian federation.
As of the end of November, 5,626 buildings and premises were damaged in the City: 3,385 multi-apartment residential buildings, 1,733 private sector houses, 255 educational and kindergarten buildings, 78 medical institutions, and 175 administrative structures. All of the buildings suffered varying degrees of damage.
20 architectural and cultural monuments were damaged.
The enemy destroyed 9% of lighting networks in Kharkiv – almost 9 thousand light points. Networks in the Kyivskyi, Saltivskyi, and Industrialnyi Districts were affected the most. Municipal enterprise ‘City Light’ has restored the operation of 26% of damaged networks.
More than 320 thousand Kharkiv residents have temporarily left their homes.
Special attention is paid to the restoration of critical infrastructure facilities and multi-family residential buildings. At the expense of a subvention from the state budget, 128 residential buildings were restored in Kharkiv.
As of the end of November, more than 2,100 facilities were undergoing routine repairs at the expense of the local budget. Municipal enterprises closed more than 130 thousand windows and repaired roofs of 578 residential buildings.
Overall, 117 infrastructure facilities of Municipal enterprise ‘Kharkiv Heating Networks’ were damaged, including 20 kilometers of pipelines, 44 boiler houses, 1 Thermal Power Plant, 46 central, and 7 individual heating points, three pumping stations, etc. The total amount of losses reaches billions of UAH.
Seven Wonders of Kharkiv
Seven Wonders of Kharkiv are seven historical and cultural monuments that were selected at the contest ‘Seven Wonders of Kharkiv’ in July 2008.
1. The Monument to Taras Shevchenko
The Monument to T. Shevchenko was built in 1935 at the entrance to the Taras Shevchenko garden. The Monument is considered the best amongst more than 250 other monuments to Taras Shevchenko around the globe. It took more than a year to create this piece of art. The 16.5-meter Monument includes a bronze statue of Shevchenko (5.5 meters) standing on a round pedestal made of natural silicate which is surrounded by 16 smaller bronze plinths reflecting the history of Ukraine and characters from the works of Taras Shevchenko.
2. The ‘Mirror Stream’ fountain
The ‘Mirror Stream’ fountain is one of the most outstanding architectural structures in Kharkiv and is protected by UNESCO. It is located on Sumska Street opposite the Opera House and is one of Kharkiv symbols.
This Fountain was built in 1947 in honour of the victory of the Soviet people in the Great Patriotic War. Now, there is a small picturesque square around it. There is also a pavilion from under which the mirror stream flows. Beautiful flowerbeds are planted in front of the fountain, and behind it you will find a romantic pond of irregular shape.
The ‘Mirror Stream’ is one of the most favorite places for meetings and relaxation of Kharkiv residents.
3. Pokrovskyi Cathedral
On the territory of the monastery there are several buildings: Pokrovskyi Cathedral, the Church in the Name of the Ozerianska Mother of God, the Kharkiv bishops’ residence and the Theological Seminary. Its founders were the Cossacks who built the Cathedral in 1689 as part of the fortifications. In the XVI century, the premises of the Pokrovskyi Cathedral were used for classes of Kharkiv College students where in 1759-1764 the outstanding Ukrainian teacher, poet, and philosopher Hryhorii Skovoroda was teaching. At the moment, the Pokrovskyi Cathedral is the oldest stone architectural monument of national significance in Kharkiv.
4. Annunciation Cathedral
This church, a prime example of Neo-Byzantine architecture with an 80-meter bell tower, was built between 1889 and 1901 by local architect Mykhailo Lovtsov. The Cathedral can accommodate 4 thousand people. The church is the Cathedral of the Kharkiv Diocese of the Ukrainian Orthodox Church (Moscow Patriarchate). Catholic Patriarch Athanasius III and several holy bishops are buried in the cathedral.
5. Assumption Cathedral
The Cathedral stands on Universytetskyi Hill on the banks of the Lopan River; it can be seen from any corner of the City centre. The bell tower of the Cathedral, which is made in the neoclassical style, was built in the 1820s and 1830s, and the height of the entire building reaches 90 meters. Until the XXIst century, the Cathedral was considered the tallest building in the City. After restoration in 1980, the House of Organ and Chamber Music was opened in the Cathedral; for this purpose, an organ made in Czechoslovakia was installed there.
6. Derzhprom (House of State Industry)
The Derzhprom building is the first high-rise reinforced concrete frame structure in the entire Soviet Union. The Derzhprom project was developed by Leningrad architects S. Serafimov, S. Kravets, M. Felgert. Huge even by modern standards, multi-storey frame structure made of concrete, which has 4,500 windows and 17 hectares of glass, was built in an exceptionally short time: 1925-1928. Currently, the Derzhprom building houses administrative institutions specializing in various sectors of the economy.
7. Residential building with a spire
The residential building with a spire is located on Konstytutsii Square. It forms the high-rise dominant of the Square and occupies an entire block. Its height is 7-11 floors. It was built according to the project of P. I. Arieshkin in 1954.
Beyond the competition: the main miracle and symbol of Kharkiv – Svobody Square
Its unique architectural ensemble is known far beyond the borders of Ukraine.
The Square and the buildings around it were built in the late 1920s-early 1930s of the XXth century. This period was a turning point for the urban development of Kharkiv. Svobody Square is one of the largest squares in the world (almost 12 hectares). It is spatially divided into a rectangular part that faces Sumska Street and is the main meeting place in the City, and a rounded part adjacent to Lenin Avenue and in the centre of which a park is planted. The length of the Square is 750 m, the width of the rectangular part is 130 m, the diameter of the circle is 350 m. Its unusual shape, which resembles a flask, the Square owes to efforts to make it look more expressive. Hotel ‘Kharkiv’ and office buildings are adjacent to the Square on the north side. From the east (from Sumska Street) – the building of the Kharkiv Regional State Administration is situated. Along the southern side of the Square is the Youth Palace and the Taras Shevchenko garden. In the circular part of the Square there are three main buildings: Derzhprom, V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University and the Military University (now the academic building of V.N. Karazin Kharkiv National University).